Du musst pro Drittel 20 min Spielzeit und 10 min Unterbrechung rechnen. Das sind 3x 30 min, also 90 min. Dazu die drittelpausen von 15 min, also 3x 30min + . Die effektive Spielzeit beträgt bei einem Eishockeyspiel daher 60 Minuten. Dies ist Hockey League), dem weltweit wichtigsten und größten Eishockeyverband. 4. Mai In der Spielzeit dürfen höchstens sechs Spieler auf dem Feld stehen, Die International Ice Hockey Federation schreibt dabei ganz genau vor.
Each quarter-final winner advanced to the semi-finals with the winners playing for the gold medal and the losers playing for the bronze.
On 3 April , the North American National Hockey League NHL announced that its players would not be made available for selection for the national teams in the Winter Olympics, marking the first time since that NHL players would be prohibited from participating in the Olympic men's ice hockey tournament.
While it was "open to hearing from any of the other parties who might have an interest in the issue", the NHL "confirmed that it [had] no interest or intention of engaging in any discussion that might make Olympic participation more attractive to the Clubs".
He noted that the NHL does not directly profit from their presence in the Olympics and that the IOC's ambush marketing rules make it difficult for the league to capitalize on its players' participation, adding that "in fact, we kind of disappear for two weeks because historically the IOC hasn't even let us join in promoting our participation in the Olympics".
Following the decision to ban its players from selection for the national Olympic teams, the NHL secured the cooperation of the International Ice Hockey Federation and the IOC, who agreed to draw up a "blacklist" of players under NHL contract to help prevent national teams from nominating or accepting these players to their Olympic rosters.
The league was required to accommodate an extended midseason break anyway because of its all-star game and league-wide bye week ; to prevent players from defying the ban, the NHL scheduled the all-star game which it traditionally does not contest in Olympic years and league-wide bye in January.
The American Hockey League AHL , a minor professional league that largely acts as a development league for the NHL, stated that it would allow its players to be loaned to national teams for the duration of the Olympics, although like the NHL, there would not be a break in the season for the Games.
In contrast to the NHL, the vast majority of European leagues did include an Olympic break in their —18 season: The women's tournament ran from 10 to 22 February with eight nations competing.
The format was the same as The top 4 seeded teams played in group A and the next four in group B.
The top two seeds from group A received a bye from the quarterfinal round. The bottom two group A teams played the top two group B teams in the quarterfinal round.
The winner of these two games played the top two group A teams in the semifinal round. The winners of the semifinal round played for the gold medal and the losers played for the bronze.
The top five teams in the World Ranking received automatic berths into the Olympics. South Korea gained direct entry by being host and all other teams competed to qualify for the remaining two spots.
The Winter Olympic Ice hockey tournament saw a total of , spectators. The Gangneug Hockey Centre has a maximum capacity of 10, spectators.
Before , players who lived in the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, and other nations behind the Iron Curtain were not allowed to leave and play in the NHL.
Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia in January The IIHF recognized the Czech Republic as the successor to Czechoslovakia, allowing the team to retain its position in the top World Championship division, while Slovakia started in the lowest division Pool C in and was forced to work its way up.
Slovakia and Finland both finished the preliminary round undefeated. Slovakia lost their medal round quarter-final game to Russia 2—3 OT, who later lost to Sweden 3—4 in the semi-final and Finland who was defeated by Canada in the another semi-final 0—4 in the bronze medal game.
In the gold medal game between Sweden and Canada , both teams finished regulation and overtime play with a 2—2 tie. In the resulting shootout , the first in Olympic competition,  both nations scored two goals, which resulted in a sudden death shootout.
Peter Forsberg of Sweden scored one of the most famous goals in Olympic history by faking a forehand shot, then sliding a one-handed backhand shot past goaltender Corey Hirsch.
Canada, considered a pre-tournament favourite, was upset in the semi-final round by the Czech Republic and then lost the bronze medal game to Finland.
Finnish centre Raimo Helminen became the first ice hockey player to compete in six tournaments. The tournament format was adjusted for Sweden won the gold medal over Finland 3—2 and the Czech Republic won the bronze medal over Russia 3—0.
Three months later, Sweden won the World Championships and became the first team to win the Olympic and World Championship gold in the same year.
Canadian player Sidney Crosby scored the winning goal 7: The Winter Olympics were held in Sochi , Russia, and retained the same game format used in Vancouver , while returning to the larger international-sized ice rinks.
Teemu Selänne scored six more points in the tournament, was named tournament MVP and boosted his modern-era Olympic career record for points to 43 24 goals, 19 assists.
At the age of 43, he also set records as both the oldest Olympic goal-scorer and oldest Olympic ice hockey medal winner.
The team did not trail at any point over the course of the tournament, and became the first back-to-back gold medal winner since the start of NHL participation in , as well as the first team to go undefeated since The Olympic ice hockey tournament in PyeongChang in was held without participation of NHL players, for the first time since the Winter Olympics in Lillehammer.
In the final, the Russians prevailed, defeating Germany 4—3, and won the gold medal after Kirill Kaprizov scored the winning goal into the overtime play.
The Russian team sang the banned anthem during the medal ceremony, but the IOC decided not to pursue any action. At the 99th IOC Session in July , the IOC voted to approve women's hockey as an Olympic event beginning with the Winter Olympics as part of their effort to increase the number of female athletes at the Olympics.
The NAOOC was initially hesitant to include the event because of the additional costs of staging the tournament and because they felt their team, which had failed to qualify for that year's World Championships , could not be competitive.
Before , women's hockey had been dominated by Canada. Canadian teams had won every World Championship up to that point; however, by , the American team had improved and was evenly matched with Canada.
In thirteen games played between the two teams in , Canada won seven and the United States won six. Canada and the United States dominated the round-robin portion.
In their head-to-head match, the United States overcame a 4—1 deficit to win 7—4. Finland defeated China 4—1 to win the bronze medal. For the Winter Olympics , the number of teams was increased to eight with Russia , Germany and Kazakhstan qualifying for the first time.
In , the American team was upset in the semi-final game, by Sweden 2—3 SO, marking the first time that it had lost to an opponent other than Canada.
In , eight teams participated, including Slovakia for the first time. The Finnish team won the bronze medal over Sweden 3—2 OT, their first since With the win, Canadians Hayley Wickenheiser , Jayna Hefford and Caroline Ouellette became the first athletes to win four ice hockey gold medals.
They also joined Soviet biathlete Alexander Tikhonov and German speedskater Claudia Pechstein as the only athletes to win gold medals in four straight Winter Olympics.
In , the United States defeated Canada for the gold medal in a shootout, winning 3—2. The Americans' winning the gold medal game marks the first time in 20 years that the United States took home a gold medal in women's hockey.
They previously won in in Nagano, Japan , which was also against Canada. The edition will be played with ten teams.
Since , 12 teams have participated in the men's tournament, except in and , when the number was raised to The number of teams has ranged from 4 in to 16 in The top two teams from the preliminary round Belarus and Kazakhstan joined the "Big Six" in the finals.
A similar system was used in Twelve spots were made available for teams. Teams ranked 19th through 30th played in a first qualification round in November The top three teams from the round advanced to the second qualification round, joined by teams ranked 10th through 18th.
The top three teams from this round advanced to the Olympic tournament. The women's tournament uses a similar qualification format.
Teams ranked 13th and below were divided into two groups for a first qualification round in September The two group winners advanced to the second qualification round, where the teams ranked seventh through twelfth joined them.
The IIHF lists the following requirements for a player to be eligible to play in international tournaments: If a player who has never played in an IIHF competition changes their citizenship, they must participate in national competitions in their new country for at least two consecutive years and have an international transfer card ITC.
A player can only do this once. Pierre de Coubertin , founder of the IOC, was influenced by the ethos of the aristocracy as exemplified in the English public schools.
Near the end of the s, the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association CAHA felt their amateur players could no longer be competitive against the Soviet team's full-time athletes and the other constantly improving European teams.
Avery Brundage , president of the IOC from to , was opposed to the idea of amateur and professional players competing together.
Before the Winter Olympics, a dispute formed over what made a player a professional. The IOC had adopted a rule that made any player who had signed an NHL contract but played less than ten games in the league eligible.
However, the United States Olympic Committee maintained that any player contracted with an NHL team was a professional and therefore not eligible to play.
Players who had played in other professional leagues—such as the World Hockey Association —were allowed to play.
The NHL decided not to allow all players to participate in , , and because the Winter Olympics typically occur in February, during the league's regular season.
To allow participation, the NHL would have been forced to take a break in its schedule. He hoped that NHL participation would "get exposure like the world has never seen for hockey".
Bettman "floated a concept of moving hockey to the Summer Games", but this was rejected because of the Olympic Charter.
The —05 NHL season was locked out and eventually cancelled because of a labour dispute between the league and its players. In January , Bettman commented that he was hesitant to allow league participation in the Olympics because he did not like the idea of stopping play mid-season after the cancellation of the previous season.
Philadelphia Flyers owner Ed Snider commented that "I'm a believer in the Olympics and I think it's good for the NHL to participate, having said that, the people who participate should be the ones who are absolutely healthy.
Bettman said that several format changes were being discussed so that the tournament would be "a little easier for everybody".
As part of the deal, the NHL will go on break for 17 days during the Olympics and will send 13 on-ice officials to help with the Games.
At an October press conference, then-NHLPA executive director Paul Kelly stated that the players want to return to the Olympics and would try to include the ability in the next agreement.
All the countries replied to the IIHF that they are not willing to pay for the insurance or the travel or any of the other expenses that are related to having the NHL players participate in Pyeongchang.
In that statement, the NHL said that it had been open to hearing from the IOC, the IIHF, and the players' association on ways to make Olympic participation more attractive to team owners, but no meaningful dialogue on that matter had materialized.
As to reasons the Board of Governors might be interested in re-evaluating their strongly held views on the subject, the NHLPA "confirmed that it has no interest or intention of engaging in any discussion that might make Olympic participation more attractive to the Clubs", and that it would not schedule a break for the Olympics in the —18 season.
We can tick that off the list. We will have to look ahead to China and the Beijing winter Games because there is an interest of the league and we have noted that.
But logistically it is practically impossible for Pyeongchang. That train has left the station", he said.
Alexander Ovechkin, captain of the Washington Capitals: At the first tournament in , there were many differences from the modern game: The tournaments follow the rules used by the IIHF.
Before that, body-checking was only allowed in the defending zone in international hockey. Before then, the neutral zone trap had slowed the game down and reduced scoring.
In the NHL, a linesman stops play due to icing if a defending player other than the goaltender is not behind an attacking player in the race to the end-zone faceoff dots in his defensive zone,  in contrast to the IIHF rules in which play is stopped the moment the puck crosses the goal line.
The NHL calls five-minute major penalties for more dangerous infractions of the rules, such as fighting, in addition to the minor and double minor penalties called in IIHF games.
Some were already used by the IIHF, such as the shootout and the two-line pass. Each team is allowed to have between 15 and 20 skaters forwards and defencemen and two or three goaltenders, all of whom must be citizens of the nation they play for.
One of the conditions of the NHL's participation in the Olympics is to include regular NHL referees and linesmen in the tournament, despite the fact that they are American or Canadian, and thus gives the perception of American or Canadian bias in the officiating.
The IIHF maintains a Registered Testing Pool, a list of top players who are subjected to random in-competition and out-of-competition drug tests.
When a player tests positive, the rest of their team is subjected to testing; another positive test can result in a disqualification of the entire team.
American Bryan Berard , who had competed in the Winter Olympics, tested positive for Norandrosterone. Results of the Russian women's team at the Winter Olympics were made void.
In , medals were decided by the Bergvall system , games between the medal winning nations are shown. The following is a list of the on-ice officials for the men's gold medal game beginning in and again from when such game was reintroduced.
The editions in which National Hockey League players participated — from to — were primarily officiated by NHL officials. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For Olympic field hockey, see Field hockey at the Summer Olympics. Doping at the Olympic Games. List of Olympic medalists in ice hockey.
Ice hockey portal Olympics portal. Retrieved 18 March Archived from the original PDF on 5 May Retrieved 13 September Archived from the original on 23 March Hockey ist seit eine olympische Sportart.
Ausgehend vom traditionellen Hockey, das in der Schweiz und Österreich auch Landhockey genannt wird, haben sich weitere Hockeysportarten gebildet, von denen Eishockey die bekannteste ist, andere sind: Hockey ist eine Mannschaftssportart.
Im mitteleuropäischen Raum wird neben Feldhockey auch Hallenhockey nur in den Wintermonaten gespielt, wobei das Regelwerk leicht von dem des Feldhockeys abweicht.
Das internationale Hockey wurde lange Zeit von den ehemaligen britischen Kolonien Indien und Pakistan dominiert, die traditionell über technisch sehr versierte Spieler verfügten.
Die europäischen Länder Niederlande , Spanien und Deutschland sowie Australien gelten momentan im Herrenhockey als führend.
Bei den Damen sind als aktuell stärkste Nationen Australien , die Niederlande und Argentinien zu nennen. Das älteste schriftlich überlieferte Hockeyregelwerk der Welt, die Rules of Harrow , wurde in England veröffentlicht.
In den ern wurde im englischen Blackheath der erste Hockeyverein gegründet,  mit Hannover 78 der erste Verein in Deutschland.
Hamburg ist heute die Hochburg des deutschen Hockeysports, mit den meisten Vereinsspielern und mit den erfolgreichsten Mannschaften.
Ebenfalls zuerst in Berlin, wurde der Berliner Hockey-Verband als erster regionaler Hockeyverband in Deutschland gegründet.
Dezember wurde in Bonn der Deutsche Hockey-Bund gegründet. Der Hauptsitz befindet sich in Lausanne. Anfang der er Jahre wurde auch in der Halle mit Hockey begonnen.
Die Regeln wurden in Österreich und Deutschland verfasst und gelten heute noch im Prinzip unverändert, wurden in den letzten Jahren aber den aktuellen Entwicklungen angepasst.
Der oft auch kritisch bemerkte Umstand, dass hockeyspielende Frauen Röcke tragen, rührt daher, dass Hockey eine der ältesten Sportarten ist, die auch Frauen überhaupt zugänglich war.
Sie spielten schon um Hockey, damals freilich in knöchellangen Röcken. Auch der Umstand, dass man im deutschen Sprachraum allgemein von Damen hockey, nicht von Frauen hockey spricht, beruht auf der vergleichsweise langen Tradition.
In Deutschland gibt es zum Stichtag 1. Beim Hockey ist nur für den Torwart eine spezielle Schutzausrüstung erlaubt. Für Feldspieler sind nur bestimmte Ausrüstungsteile zugelassen, um Verletzungen vorzubeugen.
Beim Hockey treten zwei Mannschaften , die aus jeweils zehn Feld- und einem Torspieler bestehen beim Kleinfeld sechs Feldspieler und Torwart und in der Halle fünf Feldspieler und Torwart , gegeneinander an.
Es darf so oft gewechselt werden, wie man will. Gespielt wurde früher auf Naturrasen und ausnahmsweise auf Hartplätzen u.
Im Unterschied zu anderen Ballsportarten ist Hockey grundsätzlich ein körperloses Spiel, d. Bei einer Strafecken-Wiederholung wird keine neue Auszeit gewährt.
Bei längeren Unterbrechungen wird die Zeit angehalten. Seit darf jede Mannschaft pro Halbzeit eine Auszeit von einer Minute nehmen.
Bei kürzeren Spielen wird die Anzahl der Auszeiten verringert. Nur der Torwart darf den Ball innerhalb des eigenen Schusskreises auch mit dem Körper abwehren.
Im Feldhockey darf der Ball hoch gespielt werden, wenn er für die Spieler nicht gefährlich ist. Nur beim Torschuss darf der Ball hoch geschlagen , ansonsten nur geschlenzt werden.
Wenn ein Spieler einen hoch gespielten Ball annehmen möchte, dürfen andere Spieler ihm nicht näher als fünf Meter kommen, bis der Ball angenommen worden ist und auf dem Boden unter Kontrolle des Spielers ist.
Falls unklar ist, wer dem Ball am nächsten ist, hat der Spieler das Recht auf den Ball, welcher der Mannschaft angehört, die den Ball nicht hoch gespielt hat.
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Seventy goals scored on wild Thursday Canucks become seventh different team with at least eight goals in game this season. Forwards and defensemen wear the same type of skates, but goaltenders have flatter blades because they need more balance and are stationary for longer periods.
Players wear padding under their uniforms to protect legs, shoulders, and arms. The goaltender wears a specially designed mask often molded to the contours of his face.
Over his uniform a goalie wears extra equipment. Pads up to 11 inches They not only afford protection but also aid in blocking shots.
The stick hand is encased in a glove with a wide backing that protects his arm. Fully dressed, goaltenders carry up to 40 pounds 18 kg of equipment.
The modern game on every level—amateur, collegiate , international, and professional—has been influenced largely by the NHL.
Checking—body contact to take an opponent out of play—is permitted anywhere on the ice. In most leagues, including the NHL, players may not make or take a pass that has traveled across the two blue lines; if this occurs, the play is ruled offside.
A face-off, in which an official drops the puck between opposing players, follows the infraction.
Face-offs are held at the point of the infraction. Players who precede the puck into the attacking zone also are ruled offside, and a face-off is held at a face-off spot near the attacking blue line.
A face-off also begins each period and is used as well after a goal and after any stoppage of play.
The goalie rarely leaves his goal area. The usual alignments of the other five players are three forwards—the centre, a left wing, and a right wing—and two defensemen—a left defenseman and a right defenseman.
A player may handle the puck as often or as long as he likes, so long as he does not close his glove on the puck or touch the puck with a stick that is higher than shoulder level.
A player may not pass the puck with his open hand. The goalie, however, is generally not subject to these restrictions.
The game is divided into three periods of 20 minutes playing time each, with a minute intermission between periods. Hockey games may end in a tie unless the rules stipulate an overtime period to serve as a tiebreaker.
In the case of a tie in college hockey, one minute sudden-death overtime period is played in regular season play.
NHL teams play a five-minute sudden-death overtime period, followed by a shoot-out if the game remains tied. During the play-offs, college hockey has minute overtime periods until there is a winner, while the NHL has the same system with minute periods.
There is generally no overtime period in international hockey; however, Olympic competition since has had a minute sudden-death period, followed by a shootout if needed.
In organized ice hockey a victory is worth two points in the standings. A tie is worth one point, and the NHL, which has no ties, awards a point to a team that loses in overtime.
A goal counts as a point for the team, but individual points may be awarded to as many as three players for one goal. Ice hockey is the only major sport in which substitutions are permitted while the game is in play.
The game is so fast and so demanding that forwards generally skate only 90 seconds at a time. Defensemen usually stay on the ice for a slightly longer period of time.
Because of the speed and contact, there are many infractions, not all of them having to do with "hitting" penalties.
Icing is not called against a team when it is shorthanded; if the teams are evenhanded or if the offending team has more players than the opposing team, the puck is returned to the defensive zone of the team that iced it for the face-off.
No player, however, may delay the game by intentionally shooting the puck out of the rink or by shifting the goalposts. Minor penalties are most commonly assessed for excessive use of the body or equipment to impede the opposition.
For a minor infraction the offending player must remain in the penalty box at the side of the rink for two minutes while his team plays shorthanded.
This man-advantage situation is called a power play. If the opponents score at any time during the penalty period, the penalized player may return to the ice.
Penalties incurred by the goalie are served by a teammate. A major penalty for violent play results in the loss of a player for five minutes or for the remainder of the game.
If major penalties are incurred simultaneously by both teams, substitutions are made and there is no shorthanded play.
A game misconduct penalty for abusing an official results in the loss of a player for 10 minutes; however, a substitution is allowed, and the team does not play shorthanded.
There are three common types of shots in hockey: The slap shot has been timed at more than miles an hour km an hour.
The slap shot differs from the wrist shot in that the player brings his stick back until it is nearly perpendicular with the ice and then brings the stick down in an arc, swatting the puck as he follows through.
It is not as accurate as the wrist shot, in which the player puts his stick on the ice near the puck and without a windup snaps his wrist to fire off a shot.
The backhander is taken when the puck goes to the other side of the stick from which the player normally shoots.
If he is a right-handed shooter, for example, he takes the backhander from his left side. It is taken when there is not enough time to shift the puck to his normal shooting position.
The backhander generally is not as hard or as accurate as the wrist shot, but it has the advantage of being taken quickly.
Speed is an essential requirement of the game. But contests at all levels became so quick that offensive and defensive roles often are reversed, and defensemen may find themselves at the forefront of the action.
Slower players must have other attributes to make a team; they must, for example, be able to check well, to prevent the other players from getting past them.
But, since everyone on the team handles the puck at some point during a game, a premium is placed on puck-carrying ability. The man with the puck is in control, and the play can go only so fast as he directs it.
Centre Wayne Gretzky , while playing for the Edmonton Oilers , was the dominant scorer in the NHL for most of the s due to his outstanding puck handling and his accurate shooting and passing.
If a forward has the puck, the defensemen trail the play. If a defenseman is leading an offensive thrust, called a "rush," one of the forwards backs him up.
The opposition, meanwhile, attempts to gain control of the puck or to dislodge it. The most common way is for the defending player to poke his stick at the puck.
A defender may also block, check, or hit the player with his body, as long as his action falls within the rules defining allowable contact. They then can move to the centre to halt a breakthrough or can drive a man into the boards if he attempts to go along the sides.
If the attacking players find that they have difficulty in stickhandling past the opposition, they may try a long shot "on goal. The third forward, meanwhile, takes up a position about 20 feet in front of the goal, in the centre of the ice, in a spot known as the " slot.
The defensemen on the attacking team take up positions on the blue line to prevent the defending team from getting a breakaway.
Often the puck is passed to the defensemen, who shoot from the blue line, 60 feet out, from their position known as the " point.
Many fans do not see goals scored in hockey because so many go in on rebounds or deflections. Any kind of shot that puts in a goal is allowable, unless the shooter has raised his stick above his elbow; but the puck may not be deliberately kicked in, and it cannot be thrown in with the hand.
One of the most unusual spectacles in hockey occurs when a team that is trailing by one goal takes its goaltender out of the net in the final seconds of the game.
All NHL games and most international games are under the control of two referees, two linesmen, and various off-ice officials most collegiate games use only one referee.
Referees are responsible for calling penalties and are the final arbiters of whether a goal has been scored, though the NHL allows officials off ice to review videotape and determine the legality of a goal.
Linesmen call offsides and icing infractions; they may also stop play in order to inform a referee that a team has too many players on the ice. In some collegiate games in the U.
The IIHF sanctions the two-referee system for games under the jurisdiction of national federations. The goal judges are stationed behind each cage in a raised booth behind the boards, and they flip a switch that stops the clock and triggers a red light when they see the puck cross the goal line.
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Fischler Gerald Eskenazi Shirley W. Sep 28, See Article History. Louis Blues 4—0 —69 Montreal Canadiens St. Louis Blues 4—0 —70 Boston Bruins St.
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